The key to the expansion of the Herring industry in Stornoway was the ability to prepare,pack and despatch the catch at great speed.
Fundamental to this process was a ready supply of barrels and this could only be achieved with an army of skilled Coopers.
The containers these men made were perfectly suited to the task in these days before mechanisation. A barrel could easily be rolled, stacked and stored ,whether on land or aboard ship. Being made of metal-banded wood, they were strong and resilient, yet well-able to absorb the shocks incurred in their voyages abroad.
An examination of the number of Coopers residing in Stornoway at the time of each census has much to reveal:
No. Head Son Brother Bro-in-Law Nephew Boarder Lodger Other
1841 – 13
1851 – 18 13 1 0 0 0 0 0 4
1861 – 18 10 3 0 0 0 2 3 0
1871 – 57 22 18 0 0 0 8 7 2
1881 – 81 35 18 0 0 1 14 17 0
1891 – 132 48 27 2 1 1 22 2 29
1901 – 158 81 19 6 2 2 9 3 36
The growth in the number of those reporting their occupation as 'Cooper' is clear.
The variations in the proportions of 'Heads' and 'Sons' do not appear particularly significant but what does stand-out are the proportions of 'Boarders' and Lodgers' in the years 1871 (26%), 1881 (38%) and 1891 (18%). In fact, if we allow ourselves the luxury of including the 'Others' of 1891 and 1901 as non-domiciled Coopers, then these years return 33% and 30% respectively. This suggests that somewhere around one-third of those practising the craft might have been travelling Coopers, following the fleets around the coast to ply their trade?
In amongst the Stornowegian Coopers of 1881-1901 was my Grandfather's Uncle, aged 22 in that first year, and, when he retired from being Fishery Officer, my Grandfather himself became a Cooper in Glasgow, although he must have had previous experience of the craft as that was a pre-requisite of performing his Officer role.
Fàilte! (Welcome!)This blog is the result of my ongoing research into the people, places and events that have shaped the Western Isles of Scotland and, in particular, the 'Siamese-twins' of Harris and Lewis.
My interest stems from the fact that my Grandfather was a Stornowegian and, until about four years ago, that was the sum total of my knowledge, both of him and of the land of his birth.
I cannot guarantee the accuracy of everything that I have written (not least because parts are, perhaps, pioneering) but I have done my best to check for any errors.
My family mainly lived along the shore of the Sound of Harris, from An-t-Ob and Srannda to Roghadal, but one family 'moved' to Direcleit in the Baighs...
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